(1) Nov 2002 email reply from Duane Graveline -SpaceDoc -concerning BP sensor on space dogs
(1A) Nov 2002 email reply from Duane Graveline -SpaceDoc - At a Space Medicine meeting in Florence, Italy,
SpaceDoc talked with Oleg Gazenko. "A supplemental sponge for additional water intake was mentioned."
Web Page Keeper note- The Sputnik-2 model at Cosmosphere (Kansas) appears to have a licking sponge?
(1B) Nov 2002 email reply from Duane Graveline -SpaceDoc - Concerning the transducer used to monitor
respiration rate, plus as a secondary function it registered barking and some extreme body motion.
See Book "From Laika With Love" by Dr. Graveline
|SPECIAL NOTE - Let it be known, the URL links and references herein might not necessarily
embrace the degree of focus or the direction of my story or agree with the historical accuracy of
the content, which they certainly have the right to do.
(2) from "Some Unknown Pages of the Living Organism's First Orbital Flight" - by Dmitry C. Malashenkov -
Institute for Biomedical Problems of RAS, Moscow, Russia
This Report Presented at the- 53rd International Astronautical Congress - The World Space Congress 2002-
October 10-19, 2002 / Houston, Texas, USA - Note- This report is 8 pages in length.
NOTE - Sven Grahn attended this meeting and kindly sent me a copy of this report.
(3) from "Animals in Space"- From Research Rockets to the Space Shuttle- by- Colin Burgess & Chris Dubbs
Chapter #6 - "The most Famous Dog in History" - NOTE- This is a splendid book, well done. -see review
(3A) - page 156 -During a radio broadcast on Oct. 27,1957, Laika barked into a microphone.
(3B) - Motion Detector- A potentiometer sensor linked by wire to Laika's harness - pages 155-156
(3C) - Laika had several nicknames - pages 154-155
(3D) - A simple feeder for Sputnik-2 - page 148
(3E) - Sputnik-2 radio frequencies + Tral-D telemetry - page 150
(3F) - 3 days without water + a real drink for Laika before liftoff - pages 159 and 160
(3G) - At 10AM on October 31, 1957 - Laika was taken for a walk at Baikonur- page 157
(4) from "Red Star in Orbit" - by James E. Oberg - The Inside Story of Soviet Failures and Triumphs in Space
(4A) pages 33 & 34
(4B) page 37
(4C) page 84
(4D) page 19
(4E) page 56 - Soviet deception about the true location of Baikonur Cosmodrome
(4F) page 27 - Semyorka - affectionate nickname given to the R-7 Rocket by Korolev
(5) from "Challenge to Apollo" -by Siddiqi, Asif, -NASA SP-2000-4408 - Laika spent 65 hours on the pad -p172
(5A) A true, heartwarming story - Reference to Air Force Doctor Vladimir I. Yazdovskiy as related to him
taking Laika home for a brief time prior to her space flight. She played with his children. He knew Laika
only had a short time to live and he wanted to do something nice for her. - page 172 approximately
(6) from "Korolev" - by - James Harford -
How One Man Masterminded the Soviet Drive to Beat America to the Moon
(7) November 4, 1957 New York Times - After launch Sputnik-2 signals were heard from Japan with a beep
rate of three per second.
(8) "Roads to Space - An Oral History of the Soviet Space program" 1995 - John Rhea ed. - translated by
(9) Russians in Space - 1971 -by: Evgeny Riabchikov
(9A) - page 140 and 141
(9B) - page 150 - Laika's spacecraft box had a soft lining
HOME PAGE - CLICK NOW TO START "MOONLIGHT SERENADE" - MOONLIGHT SERENADE by Glenn Miller and
Orchestra - plus at the end - Sputnik-1 beeps from Radio Moscow on October 4, 1982 received in the 40
Meter Short-wave band by Aaron George Bailey
(10) Heartland - The History of the Little Rock Air Force Base - by Timothy Wayne Burford
Titanic - CQD SOS De MGY code simulation - artist - unknown - pending
(11) New York Times - November 8, 1957 - Sputnik-2 was as bright as the Dog Star, Sirius. Sirius is the
brightest star in the night-time sky and is located within the Constellation of Canis Major
(12) Sven's Space Place - Space History Notes - "The Flight of Sputnik-5, a.k.a. Korabl-Sputnik-2" - see "A
Summer Failure" Two dogs, Chaika and Lisichka, were killed when the R-7 booster exploded at T+28.5
(13) Sven's Space Place - Space History Notes - "Sputnik-6 and the failure of 22 December" In early
December 1960, the dogs Pchleka and Mushka were killed in this accident.
(14) Soviet Space Programs - 1971 to 1975 - Staff Report prepared for the U.S. Senate <SEE BOOK
(16) B-47 in flight photo courtesy of Boeing Aircraft Company